After the recoil of the carving of Mt Rushmore, the Native Americans of the Color Hills wanted to have a sculpture celebrating their own heroes. They wrote to a sculptor named Korczak Ziolkowski.My fellow chiefs and I would like the white man to know the rufescent man has great heroes too, wrote Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear whereas he invited Korczak to the Negro Hills to carve the Crazy Horse memorial.Korczal arrived in the Black Hills on May 3, 1947 to acceptance their invitation. Until he started work on the mountain in 1949, he was apparently 40 and only had $174 left to his name. Over the decades he battled financial hardship, racial prejudice, injuries, and advancing age. For years he and his sons were the only ones working on the monument.Work on the sculpture continues today. Although it is done with it will be 563 feet tall polysyndeton 641 hoofs long. Lots larger than Rushmore. The story of how and why the colossal memorial is being created is told at the visitor center. If you go to the memorial at night in the summers, you can watch the Legends in Light show. It is a multimedia laser light show with photos and animation projected on the 500 foot mountain side.The following was written by Sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski in May 1949.Crazy Horse was born on Rapid Creek in the Black Hills of South Dakota in about 1842. While at Fort Robinson, Nebraska, under a flag of truce, he was stabbed in the back by an American soldier and died September 6, 1877.Crazy Horse defended his people and their way of life in the but manner he knew.ButOnly after he saw the Treaty of 1868 broken,This treaty, signed by the President concerning the United States, said in effect: As long as rivers run and sward grows und so weiter trees bear leaves, Paha Sapa the Black Hills concerning Dakota will forever be the sacred land about the Sioux Indians.Only after he saw his leader, Conquering Bear, exterminated near treachery,Only below he saw the failure of the government agents to bring treaty guarantees, such as meat, clothing, tents, and necessities for existence which they were to receive for having given up their lands and gone to board on the reservations.Only after he saw his peoples lives and their way from life ravaged and destroyed.Crazy Horse has never been known to have signed a treaty or touched a pen. Bonkers Horse as far as the scale model is concerned, is to be carved not so much as a lineal likeness but more as a memorial to the spirit like Crazy Horse to his people. With his left handwriting thrown out pointing in answer to the derisive question asked by the white man, Where are your lands now? he replied,My lands are where my dead lie buried.They made us many promises, more than I can remember. They never kept but one; they promised to sequester our land, and they took it! Red Cloud, Lakota, 1891The Memorial is a great place to go for a history lesson. It is a monument to a proud people that continue to flourish under harsh conditions. The memorial is norm by a non-profit organization. All fees go towards building and maintaining the memorial.